Thickened blood is a condition called hypercoagulation and it is caused by chemical exposure, genetic coagulation defects, virii, bacteria, mycoplasmas and/or parasites, according to Diagnose-Me.com. It occurs when fibrin is deposited in the small blood vessels.Know More
Diagnose-Me.com explains that when blood vessels get cut, the clotting process begins and the last step is fibrin formation. The clotting process involves an extremely complex series of reactions. The release of thrombin leads to the production of soluble fibrin monomer, which increases blood viscosity and leads to fibrin being deposited on the endothelial cells that line the blood vessels. A single burst of thrombin normally generates huge amounts of soluble fibrin monomer necessary for the creation of an actual clot. However, people with chronic conditions continuously generate low levels of thrombin, resulting in hypercoagulation.
Chemical exposure is one of the possible triggers of the coagulation process, states Diagnose-Me.com. Genetic coagulation defects are also known causes, and white people are more vulnerable than black people. Virii, bacteria, mycoplasmas and parasites have the ability to activate certain antibodies in the immune system, triggering the production of thrombin, which results in fibrin deposits. Thicker blood is more difficult to pump, making the heart work harder. People with thickened blood also usually have impaired muscle, nerve, bone and organ functions.Learn more about Blood
People whose blood is too thin are prone to excessive bleeding that is potentially dangerous. Those with thin blood lack sufficient platelets, which are cell fragments that help the blood form clots. Health Guidance reports these people tend to experience nose bleeds, bleeding gums, frequent bruising all over their bodies and even blood in their urine.Full Answer >
According to New Health Guide, thin blood is due to insufficient platelets in the blood. This condition is also called thrombocytopenia, and it can be caused by pregnancy or an infection.Full Answer >
Causes of blood loss include wounds, underlying pathologies such as hemophilia and thrombocytopenia, menstruation and miscarriages. How blood loss affects the patient depends on the cause and how much blood they lose. However, in severe cases, they may experience unconsciousness and death, according to Healthline.Full Answer >
Red blood cells contain a protein called hemoglobin that takes up and releases oxygen in response to the environment around it. Hemoglobin is what's called a "metalloprotein" because it incorporates atoms of iron into its structure. This iron is positively charged and readily binds with oxygen. In oxygen-poor environments, the hemoglobin releases the oxygen it carries and picks up carbon dioxide.Full Answer >