According to the National Institute of Health, or NIH, there are actually four stages of the cell cycle of a eukaryotic cell: M phase, G1 phase, S phase and G2 phase. Not all eukaryotic cells complete the cycle at the same pace, meaning the type of cell dictates the amount of time.
Whether it is a human eukaryotic cell, which takes 24 hours to complete a cycle, or yeast, which takes only about 90 minutes, all eukaryotic cells go through the same four phases as stated by the NIH. The order of the stages remains the same, regardless of cell type.The NIH describes the phases as:
The stage of cellular transportation at which the most ATP is produced is during the electron transport chain. This stage produces a total of 32 ATP molecules for every glucose, according to the Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis Department of Biology.Full Answer >
A bacterial infection within the middle ear is the most common cause of fluid in mastoid cells, according to WebMD. Mastoiditis occurs when too much fluid is found in mastoid air cells, which are honeycomb-like structures filled with air that drain into the middle ear. When the middle ear becomes infected, the inflammation may pass into the mastoid cells, causing fluid buildup in the mastoid bone.Full Answer >
The Calvin cycle takes place in the stroma of the chloroplast. Carbon dioxide enters the stroma of the chloroplast to combine with the five-carbon compound called ribulose1, 5-Biphosphate to form two molecules of a three-carbon compound called 3-Phosphoglyceric acid. This reaction is catalyzed by an enzyme called Ribulose bi-phosphate Carboxylase.Full Answer >
The nucleus of plant and animal cells contains chromosomes. A chromosome consists of protein and one molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is responsible for passing along specific traits from one living organism to another.Full Answer >