The three types of ribonucleic acid are messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA and transfer RNA. The common abbreviations for the names are mRNA, rRNA and tRNA. Messenger RNA moves from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of the cell, while ribosomal RNA and transfer RNA reside only in the cytoplasm.
Messenger RNA translates the genetic information inside a cell's nucleus and then transports it to the cell's cytoplasm so that the cell can use the information to form proteins. Ribosomal RNA uses the information provided by the mRNA to direct the manufacture of proteins in the ribosomes located in the cell cytoplasm. Transfer RNA transfers specific proteins to the ribosome to match the rRNA's directions.Learn More
Heredity factors influence what an organism develops into because of genetic influences, whereas the environment plays a role in determining what the organism becomes. One example of this is height, which is partially determined by the person's genes, but is also determined by dietary differences.Full Answer >
DNA replicates in order for cells to divide, withy a parent cell divides giving each daughter cell the full DNA string in each nucleus. Without cell division, an organism cannot grow into a plant, a human or an animal. DNA replication allows all cells to contain the full genetic code for the body.Full Answer >
The term "protein synthesis" refers to the making of a protein. This process begins in the nucleus and then continues in the ribosomes. Protein synthesis is comprised of two parts: DNA transcription and DNA translation.Full Answer >
Protein synthesis takes place in the cytoplasm of a cell and on the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER).Full Answer >