The three major types of symbiosis are mutualism, where both species benefit, commensalism, where one species benefits and the other is unaffected, and parasitism, where one species benefits and the other is harmed. Symbiotic relationships can occur within an organism's body or outside of it.Know More
Examples of mutualism include the relationship between single-celled organisms or animals that incorporate algae into their bodies. They give the algae necessary nutrients, and in return receive chemical energy from the photosynthetic algae. Animals that have this sort of relationship include some sponges, sea anemones and clams.
Examples of commensalism include remora fish attaching to the bodies of sharks and eating scraps of food that escape their jaws, and barnacles living on the jaws of whales with a similar feeding strategy. Plants have commensal relationships as well, such as many orchids that grow on taller plants and benefit from the additional sunlight they obtain, without actually stealing nutrients from the host plant.
Parasitic relationships are many, and parasites include all disease-causing organisms. This category also includes insects such as fleas that suck the blood of hosts externally. Parasitism is a very efficient strategy for organisms, and parasites often lose many of the features of non-parasitic life forms, instead relying on their hosts for many of the functions of life.Learn more about Biology
Examples of limiting factors include competition, parasitism, predation, disease, abnormal weather patterns, natural calamities, seasonal cycles and human activities. In terms of population growth, limiting factors can be classified into density-dependent factors and density-independent factors.Full Answer >
Lichens, the primary producer in the tundra biome, exemplify symbiosis as they are actually a blend of a fungus and an alga which support one another. The fungus provides water for both, and the alga provides the food.Full Answer >
Some examples of parasitism include protozoans, such as amoebas, living in humans and other vertebrate species and parasitic worms that live in and cause disease in humans and animals. Parasitism is the relationship between two species of plants or animals in which one benefits at the expense of the other.Full Answer >
In a general sense, every distinct species on earth is an example of macroevolution. Each species is distinct from every other species in the world, yet it shares a common ancestry with all other forms of life. Macroevolution is the process by which humans diverged from apes, apes from other mammals, mammals from reptiles and air-breathing vertebrates from fish.Full Answer >