Light interacts with matter through absorption, transmission and reflection. When light strikes the leaf of a plant, the leaf absorbs the light energy, and through the process of photosynthesis, transforms the energy into the food glucose. The leaf reflects the green wavelengths of visible light, giving it the green color.Know More
When light passes into a suspension, it is possible for people to see reflection and transmission. Windows transmit light, brightening a room. However, if light rays strike dust particles in the air, the rays are reflected to the eyes.
The color of an item is due to the wavelengths of light it absorbs and those it reflects. Objects that do not absorb any wavelengths of light appear white. Those that absorb all wavelengths appear black. However, other colors require a combination of absorption and reflection. A red cup appears red because it absorbs all the wavelengths of the spectra other than red while reflecting red to the observer's eyes. Thus, color is only intrinsic to an item because it has a few atoms on the surface that absorb some of the light. The scientific name of these color-absorbing atoms is pigments. Any remnants of white light the pigments do not absorb reflect to the eyes.Learn more about Optics & Waves
Echoes work through the reflection of sound waves. When a person shouts into a well or canyon, and they hear an echo, it is because the sound waves reflect from the canyon wall or the bottom of the well and travel back to the person's ears.Full Answer >
Reflection from rough surfaces, such as asphalt, paper and clothing are examples of diffuse reflection. In diffuse reflection, light rays are scattered randomly at different angles from the reflecting surface.Full Answer >
An echo is the reflection of sound waves off distant objects, whereas flutter echoes bounce repeatedly off multiple surfaces. An example of an echo is when someone shouts into a well, or along canyon walls, and the sound of the human voice comes back to the person's ears. A flutter echo occurs in large buildings with parallel walls, such as gymnasiums, where sounds increase to create loud environments.Full Answer >
The difference between reflection and refraction is that in reflection waves bounce off of a surface while in refraction those waves do not bounce back but pass through the surface, which bends them and changes the speed of the waves. The image of a face is reflected back from a pool of water, but the light on the bottom of the pool of water is refracted because it is uneven and hazy due to the way the water bends the light waves.Full Answer >