Tidal energy works by using special generators to convert the energy produced by the rise and fall of ocean tides into electrical power. The force of the water drives turbines placed in tidal streams or installed in dams called barrages.Know More
One method of using tidal energy involves placing turbines directly into fast-flowing tidal streams. These streams are more stable and predictable than wind, and because of the density of water, they are more powerful. These work best in shallow coastal currents in areas such as inlets or straits where tides move at high velocity. They can be built into bridge structures or lined up in rows or fences similar to windmills at wind farms. Barrages are dams constructed across estuaries, bays or tidal rivers. When the tide rises, the gates are open, but when high tide is reached, they close. When the captured water is released, it flows through turbines in the dam to generate electricity.
Although the cost of operating tidal power plants is low, they are expensive to build. To prevent corrosion, special materials must be used such as stainless steel, titanium and various alloys. Lubricants and chemicals in the structures potentially can pollute ocean water. Additionally, there is risk of damage to marine life and habitats through silt build-up, generator noise and fish or marine mammals getting struck by the rotating blades.Learn more about Earth Science
Energy derived from the movement of tides or waves is used to generate electricity in areas that have a notable tidal range. Special generators are used to convert the tidal energy into electricity.Full Answer >
Nuclear energy is non-renewable because the energy nuclear power produces cannot constantly be replenished. An energy source must have resources that can be replenished to be considered renewable.Full Answer >
Geothermal energy is used to supply heat for industrial purposes. It may also be used to promote agricultural and aquaculture production in cold climates by heating soils, aquaculture ponds and greenhouses. In addition, high-temperature geothermal energy is used to generate electricity.Full Answer >
The sun's energy comes from the nuclear fusion reactions that happen within its core. When atoms of hydrogen come together in the core of the sun, they fuse to become another element: helium. This reaction produces energy.Full Answer >