Tin is an element that is made up of the mineral cassiterite and mined from the crust of the earth. The combination of cassiterite and carbon in a high heat setting forms the type of tin that is used in modern applications.
There are many modern uses for tin that don't include the typical tin can, which is not a tin can at all. Tin cans are actually made of steel and are coated with tin to help keep them from rusting. The tin forms a protective layer around the steel without compromising its integrity.
Tin is commonly used to make windows. The material can be melted down to liquid form where glass can be poured into the mixture. When the mixture cools, the glass separates from the tin and forms a nearly perfect, parallel-structured window pane. These windows are ideal because they are easy to see through and generally do not have any imperfections.
There are not many applications of tin that do not involve the mixture of other metals. Tin can be mixed with copper to make bronze and can be mixed with lead to make pewter. These applications can make everything from ultra-strong metal fittings to conductive metals that aid in the wiring of electricity.Learn More
Metalloids are used very commonly in solid-state electronics, as components of alloys in metal objects, in glass and in flame- and heat-resistant objects. Metalloids in their pure forms are too brittle to be used in tools or in structural applications.Full Answer >
Plutonium naturally forms in the heart of a star undergoing supernova, along with virtually all of the heavy elements in the universe. It is not found on Earth due to its instability. The most stable isotope of naturally occurring plutonium has a half-life of only 82,000,000 years and is exhausted well before it can be taken up in planetary formation. However, humans have been able to artificially create plutonium.Full Answer >
Workers involved in the manufacturing and production of polyurethane are at the greatest risk of being exposed to the effects of the chemical. Polyurethane is made from a reaction of polyol with diisocyanates or polymeric isocyanate. Diisocyanates can cause allergic reactions and irritations to the skin, nose, throat and eyes.Full Answer >
An element is a description of a type of atom, so a single atom is representative of an element but not an element itself. "An atom" refers to a physical entity; "an element" refers to a type of atom.Full Answer >