Q:

What is tin made of?

A:

Tin is an element that is made up of the mineral cassiterite and mined from the crust of the earth. The combination of cassiterite and carbon in a high heat setting forms the type of tin that is used in modern applications.

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There are many modern uses for tin that don't include the typical tin can, which is not a tin can at all. Tin cans are actually made of steel and are coated with tin to help keep them from rusting. The tin forms a protective layer around the steel without compromising its integrity.

Tin is commonly used to make windows. The material can be melted down to liquid form where glass can be poured into the mixture. When the mixture cools, the glass separates from the tin and forms a nearly perfect, parallel-structured window pane. These windows are ideal because they are easy to see through and generally do not have any imperfections.

There are not many applications of tin that do not involve the mixture of other metals. Tin can be mixed with copper to make bronze and can be mixed with lead to make pewter. These applications can make everything from ultra-strong metal fittings to conductive metals that aid in the wiring of electricity.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Will a magnet stick to tin?

    A:

    Tin does not have significant measurable magnetic attraction. The volume magnetic susceptibility of tin is negative 0.0000227, and it is classified as a paramagnetic material with aluminum, copper sulfate and oxygen.

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  • Q:

    When is an element chemically active?

    A:

    An element’s chemical activity is defined as its stability relative to the elements surrounding it on the periodic table. Chemical activity is also related to electronegativity. Elements that are highly electronegative are highly reactive, while elements that have low electronegativity are less reactive.

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  • Q:

    Where was tin discovered?

    A:

    No one is completely sure about the specific time or location of the discovery of tin because it was discovered very long ago. Tools, weapons and figures made of metals including tin have been found and dated as far back as the year 3,000 B.C.

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  • Q:

    What is the specific heat of tin?

    A:

    The specific heat of tin at 25 degrees Celsius is 0.21 joules per gram per degree Celsius. Since tin is a solid, its specific heat is nearly constant at room temperature and above.

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