Q:

Where does titanium come from?

A:

Quick Answer

Titanium comes from several sources, including deposits in Australia, North America, the Middle East and South Africa. Titanium occurs on its own in large reserves located below the surface of the Earth. However, it is also frequently found embedded in other minerals, such as ilmenite and rutile.

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Full Answer

Titanium is an abundant element, and has physical and chemical properties that make it malleable, resistant to erosion and able to tolerate high temperatures. Titanium is classified as a metal, and is strong and lightweight. This quality makes it ideal for constructing frames of airplanes, some racing cars and even bicycles. Titanium occurs most readily in solid form, although it may be combined with oxygen to produce titanium dioxide. Titanium dioxide appears as a bright white pigment that is used to create paper, paint and plastic products. This element comes from sources around the world, and is located primarily in reserves or excavated from mines. Titanium frequently coexists with other minerals, particularly ilmenite and rutile. These minerals, like titanium, are found in large deposits. However, they are most abundant in sandy shorelines; in the United States, most titanium-enriched sand is found along the coasts of Florida and Virginia. Most titanium is extracted for commercial use, such as paint products, cell phones, radar and medical devices.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Who discovered titanium?

    A:

    Titanium was discovered by Reverend William Gregor in 1791. The element is the ninth most abundant in the Earth's crust. Titanium is a light but strong metal.

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  • Q:

    What are the uses of titanium?

    A:

    Titanium is used in a large variety of sports equipment, medical devices, military aircraft, paints, inks, papers, plastics, food products and artistic and architectural structures. Titanium was used as part of the 2008 restoration of the structural repair and stabilization of the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy.

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  • Q:

    What is the melting point of titanium?

    A:

    Titanium has a melting point of 1,941 Kelvin, or 3,287 degrees Celsius, making it one of the more heat-resistant elements on the periodic table. Titanium is the lightest refractory metal, which is a group distinguished by its resistance to heat.

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  • Q:

    What are the properties of titanium?

    A:

    Titanium is a very strong, shiny silver metal of low density with high resistance to corrosion. With strength comparable to that of steel, this transitional metal is nevertheless much lighter and is used in situations that require great heat resistance, such as in space-related materials.

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