Toluene is nonpolar. Nonpolar solvents have bonds between atoms that have related electronegativities, such as carbon and hydrogen. Toluene is a hydrocarbon like gasoline. Polar solvents contain atoms with very different electronegativities, such as hydrogen and oxygen.
Toluene is primarily used as an additive to gasoline in order to improve octane ratings. Toluene is also used in producing benzene and as a solvent in coatings, paints, fragrances, cleaning agents and inks. Toluene also may be used for making polymers that are utilized in producing nylon, plastic bottles, polyurethanes, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic nail products. Breathing air that contains toluene is harmful and depresses the central nervous system.Learn More
Hexane is nonpolar because its exterior of hydrogen bonded to carbon is the same on every side, so there is no place for the slightly greater electronegativity of carbon to cause overall polarity. This is true even in the branched isomers of hexane. Hexane is a molecule composed of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms in all its different configurations, with a straight chain of carbon atoms being standard.Full Answer >
Carbon dioxide is nonpolar because its bonds are symmetrical, according to Elmhurst College's Virtual Chembook. The bonds between the carbon and two oxygen atoms are polar; however, the entire molecule is nonpolar because the partial charges cancel each other.Full Answer >
CH4, also known as the molecule methane, is nonpolar. The covalent bonds in methane are nonpolar because the sharing of electrons in the bonds are equal.Full Answer >
The compound with the chemical formula CF4, carbon tetrafluoride, is nonpolar. Unlike other molecules that are nonpolar because they feature only nonpolar bonds, CF4 has this property despite having four polar bonds in its structure.Full Answer >