Toluene is nonpolar. Nonpolar solvents have bonds between atoms that have related electronegativities, such as carbon and hydrogen. Toluene is a hydrocarbon like gasoline. Polar solvents contain atoms with very different electronegativities, such as hydrogen and oxygen.
Toluene is primarily used as an additive to gasoline in order to improve octane ratings. Toluene is also used in producing benzene and as a solvent in coatings, paints, fragrances, cleaning agents and inks. Toluene also may be used for making polymers that are utilized in producing nylon, plastic bottles, polyurethanes, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic nail products. Breathing air that contains toluene is harmful and depresses the central nervous system.Learn More
BeCl2 is nonpolar. Beryllium chloride or BeCl2 has a linear electron geometry with no lone pairs, making it nonpolar because of its Lewis structure and VSEPR model.Full Answer >
Boron trichloride, or BCl3, is nonpolar. The three chloride atoms have a negative charge, and the one boron in the center has an equal but positive charge.Full Answer >
Hexane is nonpolar because its exterior of hydrogen bonded to carbon is the same on every side, so there is no place for the slightly greater electronegativity of carbon to cause overall polarity. This is true even in the branched isomers of hexane. Hexane is a molecule composed of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms in all its different configurations, with a straight chain of carbon atoms being standard.Full Answer >
N2 is nonpolar. A polar molecule has a net electric dipole moment. Since N2 is a symmetric molecule without a net electric dipole moment, N2 is not polar.Full Answer >