Tropical rainforest landforms are areas that lie between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer, are covered in forest and experience a high level of rain. While many small tropical rainforests persist on Earth, the three primary tropical rainforest landforms occur in the Amazon basin of South America, equatorial Africa and the Southeast Asian peninsula and archipelago.Know More
Tropical rainforests absorb a lot of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and produce much of the planet’s oxygen. Additionally, as trees engage in a process known as transpiration, they pump water from underground and release it into the atmosphere. This has a cooling effect on the planet and helps to moderate the temperature.
Each rainforest differs slightly from the others. For example, the rainforests of Southeast Asia have much higher canopies than those of Amazonia or Africa. This has led to the evolution of many flying and gliding animals, such as flying snakes and gliding frogs.
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse landforms in the world, and they hold more species of plants, fungi, insects, reptiles and birds than anywhere else does. Many scientists suspect that only a small percentage of the species living in these habitats have been cataloged.Learn More
One of the most interesting facts about the tropical rainforest is that half of the plants and animals on the planet live in these habitats and many species may still be undiscovered. Rainforests contain two-thirds of earth's flowering plant species, and over one-fourth of natural medicines have been discovered there.Full Answer >
The layered structure of a tropical rainforest includes the forest floor, understory, canopy and emergent layer. Each layer contains different flora and fauna unique to its environment. The fundamental difference between these layers is the amount of sunlight they receive. According to the BBC, the upper layers are bathed in sunlight, but the forest floor is almost completely dark.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Forest Service, forest fires have a damaging effect on the environment, but they also cause a resurgence of nutrients in the areas they burn. Although fire can tear down acres and acres of trees, it can also enrich the soil to let new vegetation grow.Full Answer >
Since most rainforests are located near the equator, their climate is always hot, wet and humid. Temperatures in tropical rainforests do not change much. The Amazon rainforest generally retains a temperature between 68 to 93 degrees Fahrenheit. It also receives about six to 12 feet of rain every year. Unlike tropical rainforests, temperate rainforests can be found in temperate zones and receive a high amount of rainfall.Full Answer >