The two factors that play the biggest role in determining climate are the amount of heat energy the sun provides and how this energy is stored and transmitted. The Earth's climate is a complex system powered by solar radiation that heats the surface of the planet.
The degree of solar radiation that reaches the Earth varies depending on the position of the Earth's orbit or changes within the Sun itself. Solar radiation that does reach the planet reacts differently depending on the nature of the surface it reaches. While heat energy typically passes through the atmosphere with little resistance, snow and ice can serve to reflect it back into space, while bodies of water such as the oceans can store and transfer this energy over a period of hundreds or years.
Other factors that play a role in determining the global climate include volcanic eruptions, the impact of living organisms and the effects of human-created industry. Global weather patterns, the proximity to ocean currents, the amount of cloud cover and humidity present also play an important role in determining climate on a regional scale. The release of man-made greenhouse gases that trap heat within the atmosphere is another factor that shapes the global climate.Learn More
Earth's climate is determined by the amount of incoming solar radiation that reaches the planet and the amount of reflected heat energy that radiates back into space. There are also a number of lesser factors that affect the average weather conditions that compose the various regional climates found across the globe.Full Answer >
A climate graph is a type of chart that uses both line and bar graphs to compare temperature and precipitation in a given geographic region over a specific period of time. In all climate graphs, the date range is represented by numbers at the bottom of the chart. The dates can include any period of time, though longer spans, such as months or years, are the most common.Full Answer >
Abiotic factors in a deciduous forest include precipitation, wind patterns and temperature. Abiotic factors are those factors that are physical and not derived from living organisms.Full Answer >
Ocean currents affect climate in several different ways: they regulate temperature, help to stabilize atmospheric conditions in land regions and bring nutrients to marine environments. Ocean currents form in large and small oceans and seas around the world. They range in size from small currents to large currents spanning vast distances, and run in horizontal and vertical directions.Full Answer >