Q:

What two organisms make up lichens?

A:

Quick Answer

Lichens are symbiotic creatures that are comprised of both fungi and algae. Typically, a lichen is comprised of a fungal filament with green algae living inside of the filament. Cyanobacteria may also reside inside of the fungal filament to complete the lichen.

Know More

Full Answer

In many cases, these two separate organisms that make up a lichen can live alone, but often, they choose to live together symbiotically in order to protect each other and draw nutrients from each other. Sometimes, however, the fungal component cannot survive independently. Lichens come in many varieties, with a lichen's appearance being dependent on the composition of both of its unique organisms.

Learn more about Biology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the definition of fungi?

    A:

    The fungi are a kingdom in the eukaryote domain. Fungi are important decomposers in all ecosystems because they can break down a wide variety of organic matter. Lignin, a component of wood, would not get broken down without fungal decomposers, so the nutrients would not be recycled.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some examples of fungi?

    A:

    Notable fungi include yeast, also known as saccharomyces, penicillium chrysogenum, aspergillus oryzae and fusarium venenatum. Various fungi are used in foods and medicines, in contrast to fungi that serve as pests.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the size of fungi?

    A:

    Fungi range in size from a single-celled organism, such as yeast, to a 3.5-mile-wide mushroom located in Oregon's Malheur National Forest. This honey mushroom covers more than 2,200 acres of the forest floor and is dubbed "the humongous fungus."

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are habitats of fungi?

    A:

    Fungi can live in a variety of habitats that are classified as either marine or terrestrial: in the soil, in water, and on plants and animals. Evidence suggests that some fungi have evolved closely with their partnered plant or animal to develop a productive symbiotic relationship. Fungi, which include yeast, mushrooms and mold, are classified separately from plants, animals and bacteria.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore