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What are the two parts of a solution?

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Quick Answer

The two parts of a solution are the solvent and the solute. When the two parts combine to make a solution, the properties of the solution differ from the properties of the two individual parts.

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What are the two parts of a solution?
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Full Answer

The solvent of a solution is its major component. It is a liquid and is the substance into which the solute dissolves. The solute is generally more of a minor component and is the substance that dissolves in the solute. If a solid or gas is mixed with a liquid, the solid or gas is always the solute. If two liquids combine, the major liquid is the solvent and the minor one the solute.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is a non-aqueous solvent?

    A:

    A solvent is a substance that dissolves a solute in the formation of a solution, and any solvent other than water is considered a non-aqueous solvent. Some common examples include ether, alcohol, benzene, disulphide, carbon tetrachloride and acetone. While water is a useful solvent for investigating acid-base properties, the differences between water and other solvents mean that non-aqueous solvents often provide more realistic experimental outcomes.

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  • Q:

    What are some common types of solutes?

    A:

    A solute is a substance which is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution; a common example is sugar. Sugar added to water, which is the solvent in this case, dissolves into sugar water.

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  • Q:

    What do you call a solution in which the solvent is an alcohol?

    A:

    A solution in which the solvent is an alcohol is known as a tincture. For a solution to be considered a tincture, the alcohol content must be at least 40 percent ethanol. Typically, a tincture is a solution of ethanol and plant or animal material used for medicine.

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  • Q:

    What does "solute" mean in science?

    A:

    A solute is the smaller part of a solution, which in many cases is said to have been dissolved by the solvent. A solution is any mixture that is homogeneous at a molecular level, which means that any given volume of the solution has about the same proportion of type of molecule in the overall solution as the overall solution.

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