The two types of bone tissue, also known as osseous tissue, are spongy and compact. Compact bone is dense, smooth and defines the exterior shapes of bones. Spongy bone has an asymmetrical, honeycomb-like structure that lines the longer bones and fills the bulky areas of bones.Know More
Spongy bone, also known as cancellous bone, contains trabeculae, which are the open areas that contain red bone marrow. Compact bone is also known as cortical bone. Its primary structures are osteons, cylindrical layers of bone matrix that enclose and protect nerves and blood vessels.
The term "bone tissue" refers to the mineralized structure that makes up the immobile part of the bone. However, bones contain additional structures, such as blood vessels and nerves, which makes them organs.Learn more in Bones
The thin, tough membrane that covers bones is known as the periosteum. It typically serves as a protective layer for all areas of a bone, except where cartilage is present.Full Answer >
The shaft of a long bone is known as the diaphysis. According to the University of Virginia, bones that include the tibia, femur and humerus consist of a long central shaft with rounded ends known as the epiphyses.Full Answer >
When muscle and bone tissue are not used, they will begin to shrink and waste away, known as atrophy. Atrophy, even minor, in muscle or bone can cause some loss of strength and motion. Some atrophy can normally occur as people age.Full Answer >
Bone spurs are bony projections that sometimes develop on the edges of bones. Bone spurs are also called osteophytes. These often form in the joints where bone meets bone, according to Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >