The type of bonding that holds two or more water molecules together is called hydrogen bonding. Water molecules are polar, meaning they have slightly negative and positive regions within the molecule.
The oxygen region of a water molecule has a slightly negative charge, whereas the hydrogen portions of the molecule take on slightly positive charges. When the partial negative oxygen portion on one water molecule meets up with the partial positive hydrogen side of another water molecule, a weak bond forms. One water molecule can hydrogen bond to four other water molecules. A hydrogen bond is relatively weak, having only about 5 percent the strength of a covalent bond; however, numerous hydrogen bonds are actually quite strong. The hydrogen bonding of water gives it unique qualities.Learn More
An ionic bond is a type of chemical bond established between two atoms by the transfer of the valence electrons from one atom to another. This type of bond is also known as electrovalent or polar bond. Salts are a good example of substances made with ionic bonding.Full Answer >
Covalent bonding describes the process where two atoms form a bond by sharing one or more electrons in order to fill up their outer orbital and become more stable. Covalent bonding typically occurs between two non-metals, which are mostly located on the right side of the periodic table.Full Answer >
The forces that hold atoms together are the electrical force and the strong force, which is stronger than the electrical force. The electrical force does the majority of the work of holding atoms together, but the strong force helps hold in the electrical force and can somewhat override it.Full Answer >
The strong nuclear force holds the particles of an atom's nucleus together. The subatomic particles affected by the strong force are called nucleons and consist of protons and neutrons.Full Answer >