Q:

What type of cells undergo meiosis?

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Quick Answer

Germ cells, which are diploid, undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes. A gamete is a cell that fuses with another to form a zygote, which develops into an embryo. Female gametes are called eggs, while male gametes are known as sperm.

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What type of cells undergo meiosis?
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Full Answer

Sexual reproduction creates genetic variation in two ways: by shuffling together the chromosomes of parents, which happens during fertilization, and by recombining the genes on the chromosomes themselves, which happens during meiosis. Meiosis has two phases: I and II. In meiosis I, the germ cell's DNA recombines and produces two diploid daughter cells. In meiosis II, those diploid daughter cells divide to produce four haploid cells in total.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the events of meiosis?

    A:

    The main events of meiosis include prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. A cell in meiosis goes through two divisions, meiosis I and meiosis II, in which each division consists of the same stages to produce gametes or sexual reproduction cells.

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  • Q:

    Why is meiosis important in humans?

    A:

    Arizona State University states that meiosis is how sexually reproducing organisms, including humans, produce gametes, or sex cells. Gametes are fundamentally different from the body, or somatic, cells of sexually reproductive organisms because gametes only have half of the genetic code in their nucleus. When two different gametes fuse and produce a zygote, their half-complements of genetic material combine to form a complete genome with the full complement of chromosomes.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2?

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    The essential difference between meiosis I and meiosis II is in purpose. Meiosis I is dedicated to forming two haploid cells from one diploid cell, while meiosis II is meant to split the sister chromatids in the haploid cells produced in meiosis I, creating four daughter cells. Meiosis I also recombines, or shuffles, genes on each pair of chromosomes. Meiosis I and meiosis II happen in succession.

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  • Q:

    What is the function of meiosis?

    A:

    The function of meiosis is for sexual reproduction as meiosis creates new cells for an organism. Meiosis has two cell divisions known as meiosis I and meiosis II.

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