Q:

What type of cells undergo meiosis?

A:

Quick Answer

Germ cells, which are diploid, undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes. A gamete is a cell that fuses with another to form a zygote, which develops into an embryo. Female gametes are called eggs, while male gametes are known as sperm.

Know More
What type of cells undergo meiosis?
Credit: Garry DeLong Oxford Scientific Getty Images

Full Answer

Sexual reproduction creates genetic variation in two ways: by shuffling together the chromosomes of parents, which happens during fertilization, and by recombining the genes on the chromosomes themselves, which happens during meiosis. Meiosis has two phases: I and II. In meiosis I, the germ cell's DNA recombines and produces two diploid daughter cells. In meiosis II, those diploid daughter cells divide to produce four haploid cells in total.

Learn more about Cells

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What happens in meiosis 1?

    A:

    During meiosis 1, a diploid cell's chromosomes segregate and produce four haploid cells. It is the completion of this phase that leads to genetic diversity.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the outcome of meiosis?

    A:

    The process of meiosis results in four cells that possess half of the chromosomes of the original cell. This occurs in cells that possess two chromosome sets, which happens in organisms that reproduce sexually. The cellular biology of reproduction requires two gamete cells to interact.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between meiosis 1 and meiosis 2?

    A:

    The essential difference between meiosis I and meiosis II is in purpose. Meiosis I is dedicated to forming two haploid cells from one diploid cell, while meiosis II is meant to split the sister chromatids in the haploid cells produced in meiosis I, creating four daughter cells. Meiosis I also recombines, or shuffles, genes on each pair of chromosomes. Meiosis I and meiosis II happen in succession.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What happens during meiosis?

    A:

    During meiosis, a cell divides into four daughter cells called gametes that are used during sexual reproduction. A cell grows larger during interphase, then goes through multiple other steps, such as prophase and metaphase, before finally dividing into four gametes.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore