NH4OH=NH3+H2O is a decomposition chemical reaction. A decomposition-type reaction breaks one reactant into two or more products. In this case, ammonium hydroxide releases ammonia gas and water vapor when heated.
Ammonia hydroxide is also called alcali volatil or aqueous ammonia. It forms as a clear, colorless liquid with a pungent odor when ammonia gas dissolves in water.
Ammonia hydroxide requires care when used as a household cleaner. In concentrated form, it can burn skin on contact. When mixed with bleach, a mistake many people make, it releases chloramine vapor. Chloramine is a chemical warfare agent that was used in World War I because of its ability to collect in trenches and suffocate soldiers. If high enough concentrations of ammonia vapor are released when the bleach and aqueous ammonia are mixed, hydrazine may form and explode. Even if hydrazine doesn't explode, it can spray boiling liquid that is harmful to eyes and skin.
Ammonia hydroxide kills bacteria and leavens baked goods in commercial food production. It has a role in the manufacturing of fertilizer, plastic, rayon and rubber. Scientists have recently discovered that fuming ammonia hydroxide with cyanoacrylate, the main ingredient in superglues, produces nano-spheres that have medical applications in micro-filtering and drug delivery.Learn More
The types of intermolecular forces present in ammonia, or NH3, are hydrogen bonds. The hydrogen bonds are many magnitudes stronger than other intermolecular forces in NH3; therefore, when examining intermolecular bonding in this molecule, other forces can be safely ignored.Full Answer >
A chemical reaction occurs when baking soda and vinegar combine. Baking soda is technically called sodium bicarbonate, while vinegar is called acetic acid. When these two chemicals combine, they form carbonic acid.Full Answer >
The chemical equation for the reaction between Mg and HCl is Mg + 2 HCl ? MgCl2 + H2. In this equation, one molecule of magnesium reacts with two molecules of hydrochloric acid to produce one molecule each of magnesium chloride and hydrogen.Full Answer >
The word equation for the burning of a candle is wax plus oxygen yields carbon dioxide and water. This is an exothermic reaction that produces both light and heat.Full Answer >