The plane, or gliding, type of synovial joint provides the least amount of movement, says Springfield Technical Community College. This type of joint is found between the vertebrae, the carpal bones in the hand and the tarsal bones in the foot.Know More
Synovial joints are composed of two bones separated by a fluid-filled sack. Most of the body's movable joints belong to this classification. The type of synovial joint with the greatest range of motion is the ball-and-socket, which includes the joint that connects the humerus to the shoulder.
The gliding or planar type is sometimes able to move in several directions, but the distance of this movement is tightly constrained. Examples of this type include the joints that connect vertebrae and many of the joints among the bones that make up the hands and feet. The range of motion in these hand and foot bones is limited to a short-range sliding motion in a single direction.Learn more about Human Anatomy
InnerBody describes the knee joint as a classic example of a synovial joint. The junction of the femur and tibia bones are enclosed in a joint capsule, lined with synovial tissue, encasing synovial fluid and two shock absorbing cartilage pads. The joint capsule is protected by the patella, or kneecap.Full Answer >
A sagittal plane is an imaginary division used in anatomy to divide the body into left and right sides. The sagittal plane runs vertically through the body from front to back. The sagittal plane does not necessarily divide the body into equal parts.Full Answer >
According to About.com, a parasagittal plane is a sagittal plane, or lateral line, running through a body that divides the body into left and right regions of unequal parts. A median, or midsagittal, plane is a sagittal plane that divides a body into equal left and right parts.Full Answer >
According to the University of Kansas Medical Center, the wrist joint is called the radiocarpal joint. Its bones are the radius, radioulnar disk, scaphoid, lunate and triquetrum.Full Answer >