Paricutin is considered to be a scoria, or cinder, cone volcano. It stands at a height of 9,186 feet above sea level and has a lava field that covers an area of 10 square miles around it. As of 2014, it is the youngest Western Hemisphere-based volcano.
The location of the Paricutin volcano is in the state of Michoacán, Mexico. Its eruption and emergence on Feb. 20, 1943 resulted in the destruction of the city of Paricutin. The volcano remained active between 1943 and 1952. By the time the volcano became dormant, the area surrounding it was nearly empty of vegetation and spotted with multiple lava fields.Learn More
Hot melted rocks collect under the Earth's surface and when the pressure becomes too hard, the Earth's skin breaks, and a volcano erupts. The melted rock inside the Earth is called magma, but when it comes out in an eruption, it is called lava.Full Answer >
Volcanologists wear heavy boots, long-sleeved shirts and heavy work gloves in order to protect their bodies from lava near a volcano. According to Oregon State University, volcanologists might also wear jeans, a rock-climbing helmet for protection and a gas mask.Full Answer >
A volcanic hotspot is an area in the earth’s mantle in which thermal plumes provide the necessary heat and magma for volcanic activity over a long period, explains the U.S. Geological Service. These hotspots are the basis for the creation of land, including the Hawaiian Islands.Full Answer >
Popular volcanic mountain names are Mount St. Helens in the United States mainland, Mauna Loa in Hawaii, Mount Rainier in Washington, Mount Edziza in British Columbia and Hoodoo Mountain in Canada. Many of the highest volcanoes are located in Chile and Argentina, such as Ojos del Salado, Tacora, Tromen, Copahue and Risco Plateado.Full Answer >