Animal cells are eukaryotic cells, or cells that contain a membrane-bound nucleus. The nucleus holds the DNA of the cell that provides the cell with instructions for life.
In an animal, the cells go through constant mitosis to divide and multiply. This works to guarantee that offspring are genetically identical to the parents. Animal cells also undergo meiosis to ensure the formation of haploid cells. Haploid cells form either eggs or sperm, and these work to form a new diploid cell when one egg and one sperm meet for fertilization. The process of mitosis comes in again to divide the fertilized cell for new organism formation.Learn More
Animal cells do not have a cell wall. Instead, animal cells have a cell membrane that protects the organelles inside of the cell and allows selective compounds to move in and out of the cell.Full Answer >
Animal cells don't have chloroplasts because animals aren't green plants. Chloroplasts are organelles, or small, specialized bodies in plant cells that contain chlorophyll and help with the process of photosynthesis. Like mitochondria, chloroplasts have their own DNA.Full Answer >
According to the biology department at Georgia Tech, glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells. This process converts glucose into pyruvic acid though a chemical reaction.Full Answer >
According to the University of Maryland, prokaryotic cells are around 10 to 100 times smaller than eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells have a cell wall that is chemically complex. Eukaryotic cells have a very simple cell wall or none at all.Full Answer >