All living organisms partake in some form of cellular respiration. This includes bacteria, fungi, protists, plants and animals. Cellular respiration is sometimes called aerobic respiration because it requires oxygen to occur, although a few organisms are capable of anaerobic respiration, respiration without oxygen.
All life-forms require energy to move, grow, repair damage and reproduce. Many organisms, such as plants and algae, are able to produce their own energy from sunlight. These photosynthesizing organisms form the base of their respective food chains, and all subsequent organisms in these food chains obtain their energy by consuming this photosynthesizing life or consuming other organisms that rely on photosynthesizing life.
The chemical energy that all organisms acquire through photosynthesis or consumption provide the cells with nutrients, such as complex and simple sugars, fats and amino acids. These nutrients are broken down in the cellular respiration process in the presence of oxygen. The final product of the cellular respiration process is an energy-rich molecule called ATP. This ATP is the simplest form of energy used by all life.
Anaerobic life-forms use other oxidizing agents besides oxygen to break down complex nutrients into simpler ones. These oxidizing agents include sulfates and nitrates, but they are not as efficient at oxidization as oxygen.Learn More
Adrenaline, a natural stimulant created in the kidney's adrenal gland, travels through the bloodstream and controls functions of the autonomous nervous system, including the secretion of saliva and sweat, heart rate and pupil dilation. The substance also plays a key role in the human flight-or-flight response.Full Answer >
The function of the mucilaginous sheath of blue-green algae is to bind colonies together and to permit movement. The mechanism of this movement is not fully understood. The mucilaginous sheath is made of strands of cellulose and often bears pigments that give colonies of blue-green algae distinct colors.Full Answer >
Artificial embryo twinning is a method of making clones that mimics the natural process of creating identical twins, according to the Genetic Science Learning Center. It uses the same approach as natural cloning, but it is performed in a Petri dish rather than inside the mother.Full Answer >
Organisms have the ability to adapt to specific conditions within their environments through the biological process of variation, which enhance organisms' chances of survival. Variation is essentially a form of natural selection that takes place during long periods of time. Through the process of evolution, organisms retain the strongest traits and features that allow them to breed, find food, and survive in certain habitats.Full Answer >