An uplifted block of planetary crust that is bound by two faults, whether they are reverse faults or normal faults, is called a horst. Horst is a German word that means thicket or heap. The uplifted block may also be considered a hanging wall relative to the faults.
Reverse faults are made up of hanging walls and foot walls. Foot walls are wedge-shaped and sink below the land. Hanging walls are shaped like an upside-down wedge and are pushed up by the foot wall beside them. These faults are called reverse faults because they appear to reverse gravity, forcing land up rather than making it fall down.Learn More
The Arctic lowlands were formed by sheets of ice moving across the land, called glaciation. As the glaciers moved across the lowlands, they dug up sediment and gave the surface a rolling, corrugated look.Full Answer >
Geographic factors are circumstances associated with a physical location that affect humans living within a specific area. Behavior, health, beliefs, income and education are examples of factors that can be affected by geography.Full Answer >
According to NationalGeographic.com, bays are formed through various ways, such as plate tectonics, overflowing of the ocean to a coastline and the slicing of a glacier through a bedrock. Bays are bodies of water partially surrounded by land, and they are typically less enclosed and smaller than a gulf.Full Answer >
According to About.com, the Earth creates mountains through plate tectonics, where its crust is broken into plates constantly in motion, causing stress and uplifting in order to grow mountains. While growth is slow due to these forces, it does happen.Full Answer >