The organic compounds known as alkanes are used primarily as fuels, but their derivatives can be found in paints, plastics, cosmetics, cleaners and pharmaceuticals. The simplest alkanes are propane, methane, butane and ethane. These are all highly combustible and form carbon dioxide and water as they burn, which makes them useful as clean fuels.Know More
Alkanes are hydrocarbons and consist only of carbon and hydrogen. The number of carbon atoms within an alkane determines its use. Propane, butane and methane, for example, are cooking and heating fuels, and are also used to generate electricity in some countries. Butane is used in disposable cigarette lighters. Under relatively low pressure, butane and propane can be liquified, and are then known as LPG, or liquid petroleum gas. These two alkanes are also used in aerosol sprays as propellants. Some alkanes with a higher number of atoms form the greater part of aviation and diesel fuel. These alkanes, however, possess higher melting points, which can cause the fuels to become too thick to use in cold climates such as the polar regions. Kerosene and gasoline are made from combinations of alkanes.
Larger alkanes work well as lubricating oils. Their hydrophobic nature prevents water from reaching the surface of metal parts, and they also have anti-corrosive properties. Polypropylene and polyethylene, synthetic polymers with numerous applications, are alkanes containing extremely long chains of carbon atoms.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Muscovite, the most common type of mica, is used for a variety of purposes, including in paints, cosmetics, construction materials and electronics. Before humans discovered how to make glass from quartz, most glass was made from thin sheets of muscovite, although this glass was not fully transparent.Full Answer >
Significant quantities of acetic acid are found in paints, adhesives and solvents. Common household vinegar is diluted acetic acid. Medical uses of diluted acetic acid formulas include bladder irrigation, wound irrigation and the treatment of ear infections. Pure acetic acid, known as glacial acetic acid, is widely available. It is used as a solvent, chemical reagent, fungicide and herbicide.Full Answer >
Alkanes are a class of organic chemicals that all have single bonds between carbon atoms, alkenes are organic compounds with at least one double bond between a pair of carbon atoms and alkynes feature at least one triple bond among carbon atoms. Uses for these types of compounds include gasoline, fuel, cleaners, food additives, plastic production and fuel for welding torches.Full Answer >
Carbonic acid is a compound that can only exist as a salt. It is used in the medical field to treat a variety of conditions and can be given either topically, orally or by intravenous infusion depending on the situation. Carbonic acid is used in both human and veterinary medicine.Full Answer >