Caustic soda, or sodium hydroxide, is used in the manufacture of plastic wrap, soap and paper and is the major ingredient in most oven cleaners and liquid drain cleaners. In chemical manufacturing, it is used in metal processing, oil refining and water treatment. Commercially, it is generally used as either a solid, or a 50-percent aqueous solution.Know More
As its name implies, caustic soda is caustic and one of many alkaline compounds that are referred to as lye. NaOH, or pure sodium hydroxide, at room temperature is an odorless, white solid.
Caustic soda should be used with caution, as it is an alkaline corrosive that can be hazardous. When it reacts with moisture in the air, it dissolves, generating heat. This heat may cause nearby flammable materials to ignite, resulting in a fire. It should be safely stored in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place, away from oxidizing or organic materials. It should not be allowed to come into contact with metal powders or acids.
Although caustic soda is not a systemic toxin, it is however extremely corrosive and can cause severe burns to body tissues. The eyes are particularly at risk, as caustic soda is able to hydrolyze protein, which is often the cause of severe eye damage.Learn more about Chemistry
Caustic soda is a strong base made via the electrolysis of salt water and used in detergents, drain cleaners and other products. Caustic soda is also known as sodium hydroxide, and its chemical formula is NaOH.Full Answer >
Ethane is used in the production of ethylene for making plastics, anti-freeze and detergents; it's a ripening agent for foods, a refrigerant, a substance in producing welding gas and a primary ingredient in mustard gas. Ethane is a component in the natural gas methane and is removed by cryogenic liquefaction.Full Answer >
Hydrogen is used to manufacture the important chemical compounds ammonia and methanol, according to the Essential Chemical Industry. It is also used in such oil refinery processes as reforming, in which sulfur compounds are removed from petroleum to improve the petroleum's quality.Full Answer >
Naptha is commonly used as an aid in the refinement and distillation processes of crude oils into more efficient products, as well as a component of several types of gasoline. Its use is generally preferred over other types of crude gas oil.Full Answer >