Nitric acid is commonly used in food processing, as fertilizer and as an oxidizing agent for rocket fuels. It also contains chemical properties necessary for certain explosives.Know More
When used as a fertilizer, nitric acid promotes rapid growth in plants. It can be unhealthy to the environment if it is deposited into water sources, as it promotes the growth of algae that can deoxygenize water and harm aquatic life.
Nitric acid is also used to remove calcium and magnesium deposits in dairy processing factories, as well as an etching agent for use on metals. It is used to create components for the explosive trinitrotoluene, commonly known as TNT, as well as plastic explosives.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
Radioactive isotopes are used in many ways, including medical purposes, tracing, X-rays and equipment sterilization. If not disposed of properly, radioactive isotopes may cause damage to the environment.Full Answer >
Benzalkonium chloride is used as a topical disinfectant. It prevents infection, and it is applied to minor burns, cuts and scrapes. Common mild reactions include irritation at the site of application. More severe reactions can also occur.Full Answer >
Alkali metals are used primarily in sodium vapor lamps, table salt and atomic clocks. Alkali metals have the lowest levels of electronegativity and ionization energy and vary in boiling and melting points. Alkali metals are among the most reactive of all metals, which makes them suitable for specific and limited uses.Full Answer >
Elements from the lanthanide series are used for petroleum production, lasers, magnets, projectors, X-ray screens and as a component of steel and magnesium alloys. The lanthanides are soft, highly reactive metals that burn easily and act as strong reducing agents.Full Answer >