According to the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, pentane is an organic liquid used as an ingredient for petrol fuel and as a solvent. This chemical has some pollutant properties, but it is widely used in industrial and scientific settings.Know More
While petrol itself is considered a pollutant, pentane has been used in various processes such as plastic foam filling as a replacement for other chemicals deemed more of an environmental risk, such as hydrofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons. Although pentane itself may be damaging to wildlife, common environmental levels are not high enough to cause any harm.
According to Wikipedia, pentane has properties similar to butanes and hexanes, and it is often used to create specialty solvents for laboratory use. Due to the affordability and abundance of pentane and its volatile alkaline properties, the substance is a popular choice for laboratories. Pentane is used to dissolve non-polar compounds and often plays an important role in liquid chromatography experiments. Wikipedia notes that the industrial uses of pentane include various blowing agents used in the production of polystyrene foam. Because the substance has a low boiling point and is relatively safe, it is also used as a medium for geothermal power stations and some refrigerant blends. Additionally, pentane can be found in some commercially used pesticides.Learn more about Chemistry
A solvent is the prominent component of a homogenous mixture or solution made of two combined materials. A solution is made when a lesser amount of material called a solute is dissolved into the solvent.Full Answer >
Solutions are formed when the energy of interaction between a solute and a solvent is greater than the total of solute-solute and solvent-solvent interactions. A solvent dissolves the solute. This holds true when the solute and solvent have similar properties.Full Answer >
Soluble substances are those that easily dissolve in a solvent, such as water, and include sugar, salt, alcohol and some dishwashing detergents. In chemistry, solubility of a substance is a quantitative term that refers to the amount of substance that can dissolve in a given volume of a solvent. A substance is considered soluble if more than 0.1 gram of that substance can dissolve in 100 ml of solvent.Full Answer >
The enthalpy of dissolution is the change in the thermodynamic potential of a substance when it is dissolved at a constant pressure in a solvent until it reaches an infinite dilution. The enthalpy of dissolution is commonly expressed at a common temperature in kJ/mol.Full Answer >