The uses of a periscope include observation around barriers and at times when viewing a location directly would be dangerous. Periscopes are typically used in submarines to see above the water, in tanks to see above and around the vehicle and by people attending parades and other events to see over the crowd.Know More
Periscopes also are sometimes used for seeing into nuclear reactors and were used for seeing out of trenches in World War I. Simple versions of the optical instruments were first used in the 1600s, with submarine periscopes first used in the 1800s. In his famous 1927 trans-Atlantic flight, Charles Lindbergh carried so much fuel that he needed a periscope to see around the fuel tank of his plane.
A simple periscope is constructed from a tube with two mirrors set at a 45-degree angle in relation to the tube. When mirrors are parallel to each other, the periscope can be used to view objects in front of the viewer. If the mirrors are at right angles, the periscope is used to see objects behind the viewer, and the image seen is upside down. In complex periscopes, prisms are sometimes used instead of mirrors. Submarines use lens systems in addition to mirrors for an enlarged view.Learn more about Optics & Waves
In the 1430s, Johann Gutenberg invented a device to allow those in the back of a crowd to see over other people. The first naval periscope was invented in 1854 by Hippolyte Marie-Davy.Full Answer >
In 1854, Frenchman Hippolyte Marie-Davey invented the first naval periscope, which was a sight tube made of two mirrors at 45-degree angles. In the 1880s, other periscopes were created, but these designs, including Marie-Davey's, were still primitive in development and not entirely useful.Full Answer >
Gradient lenses are those that are darker at the top than they are at the bottom. These lenses are most often used in sunglasses, and they are appropriate to use while driving because they protect the eyes from the sun overhead while allowing better visibility through the bottom.Full Answer >
The "bending light" experiment demonstrates how the course of light is altered or refracted when it passes through different mediums, such as glass or water. The experiment can be set up in 5 minutes or less and requires a small box and a glass of water.Full Answer >