Q:

What is a volatile liquid?

A:

A volatile liquid is one that evaporates or vaporizes quickly at room temperature. Not all volatile substances are liquids; some are solids.

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In everyday language, "volatile" means to erupt emotionally or suddenly become angry or violent. It can also mean someone whose emotions swing up and down quickly. The word itself originated from a Latin word meaning "to fly" or a creature that flies (according to the site Reference), giving substance to the definition of the word as flighty or quick to change. Similarly, in chemistry, a substance that is volatile is quick to change, as it moves from a liquid to a vapor, which, in a sense, is "flying."

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    What liquids are denser than water?

    A:

    Mercury, the only metal that remains liquid at room temperature, is more than 13 times denser than water. One way of comparing densities of liquids is by combining them to determine which floats on top of the other. However, some liquids dissolve in water, making this method unreliable. Creosote and sulfuric acid are both denser than water, but sulfuric acid is an aqueous solution that mixes with water.

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    Which state do most metals exist in at room temperature?

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    Most metals are solids at room temperature as they have high melting points. Mercury is the only metal that occurs in liquid form at this temperature.

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    Hydrogen is a non-metal element that is a gas at room temperature. It is used in combination with other elements to create liquid compounds such as hydrochloric acid, ammonia and hydrogen peroxide, and it combines with the element oxygen to form water. Hydrogen is also used in a liquid form with liquid oxygen to manufacture outstanding rocket fuel.

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    What is the density of water at room temperature?

    A:

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