Q:

How does water pollution affect humans?

A:

Quick Answer

EduGreen states that water pollution affects humans by causing health problems, particularly water-borne diseases. Sources of water contaminants include pesticides, sewage, nutrients, synthetic organics and acidification of surface water.

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How does water pollution affect humans?
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Contaminants and chemicals in drinking water cause adverse effects on health, explains EduGreen. These contaminants include arsenic, lead, petrochemicals, heavy metals, chlorinated solvents and high levels of fluoride. People have been found to suffer from arsenic skin lesions due to high concentrations of arsenic in water. Contaminated water tends to spread water-borne diseases, which are typically infectious and are spread directly or through flies and filth. Fecal waste, which is prevalent in places with poor sanitary conditions, causes various intestinal diseases. Disease-producing agents, such as bacteria, virus, parasitic worms and protozoa, travel through water sources and interfuse directly through people handling water and food. Other common water-borne diseases that affect many people in tropical regions include cholera, hepatitis, typhoid and dysentery.

The Water Pollution Guide explains that water pollution often harms humans after long-term exposure. Heavy metals are toxic to marine animals that consume them and subsequently to people who eat these animals. Some of them are carcinogenic, and some can cause birth defects. Industrial waste is also harmful to humans and causes acute poisoning, reproductive failure or immune suppression.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How do you reduce water pollution?

    A:

    Proper disposal of trash in the home and the community is one way to reduce water pollution. Trash, pet waste and other debris littering streets may eventually flow into lakes and rivers via gutters and storm drains.

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  • Q:

    What is water pollution?

    A:

    Water pollution occurs when water is contaminated with chemicals and foreign substances that are harmful to humans, plants and animals. Water pollutants include chemical contamination from waste sites, chemical wastes from industrial discharges, heavy metals such as mercury and lead, sewage waste, food processing waste, fertilizers and pesticides.

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  • Q:

    How does pollution affect humans?

    A:

    Bethany Wieman of SF Gate Home Guides notes that pollution affects humans and other living things in a number of ways, including an increased risk of asthma. This is due to the high level of carcinogens in the particles and gases that make up air pollution.

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  • Q:

    How does water pollution affect plants and animals?

    A:

    Water pollution can stunt, sicken, kill or sterilize aquatic animals and plants. Water pollution affects plants and animals in a variety of ways, depending on the nature of the pollutant in question. Because most pollution eventually makes its way to the world’s waters, it is a difficult type of pollution to prevent.

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