Q:

What are some ways to increase friction?

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Quick Answer

The main source of attraction between two metals, or adhesion, is what causes friction, and any increase of friction requires an increase in adhesion. Friction itself is the force of resistance against two objects as one object slides or rolls over another. This force increases the amount of energy required to move an object a set distance.

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Increases in friction can be caused by a change in the surface of the objects in question or by increasing the pressure or volume of the gases or liquids surrounding it. Atmospheric conditions can increase friction by a small amount. An object with higher mass is affected by gravity to a greater degree, increasing its load and the amount of friction it puts into anything it moves against. Objects of sufficient size break up in the Earth's atmosphere because the friction creates heat and resistance that destroys the object.

Friction as a force is not always a factor in the motion of objects. In the vacuum of space, an object may be in motion for long periods without experiencing friction, allowing the object to move at a steady rate in a single direction until it meets an obstacle. Friction is only introduced when this object meets the mass of another object.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    When does friction occur?

    A:

    Friction happens when one object slides along another object. It is the force that resists the relative motion between the two surfaces. Friction occurs in the opposite direction of the moving object's motion and reduces its speed.

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  • Q:

    How do you increase friction?

    A:

    The way to increase friction is to make the surfaces of two objects more difficult to slide against each other. This can be done by making the surface rougher or applying more pressure to one of the surfaces. For a solid and a liquid, friction can be increased by making the liquid thicker.

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  • Q:

    Why does friction occur?

    A:

    Friction is caused by the bumps on the surface of one object colliding with the bumps of another object's surface. All surfaces have bumps, created by their molecular structure. These bumps may only be visible on objects with seemingly smooth surfaces through the use of a microscope.

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  • Q:

    Why is rolling friction much less forceful than sliding friction?

    A:

    When an object slides across the ground, it has much more surface area in direct contact with the ground, which means that the amount of friction is significantly higher. When an object rolls along the ground, only a minuscule point on the object contacts the ground at any point in time, making the stopping force much weaker.

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