Q:

In what ways are volcanoes a constructive force?

A:

Quick Answer

Volcanoes are constructive forces in that they create new land, fertilize existing lands and bring many new minerals to the surface of the planet. Volcanoes also bring heat to the areas surrounding them and attract wildlife on land and beneath the sea.

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Full Answer

Volcanoes create new land when molten rock, or magma, flows up from inside of the planet. The magma emerges as lava, and as it cools, it solidifies into rock again and creates new land. In the case of island volcanoes, these lava flows extend the edges of the island out into the ocean. However, just as with land-based volcanoes, many developed areas are also covered in lava during the process.

Volcanic rocks, when worn down and weathered into the dirt, create rich soils that are ideal for farming a variety crops. Volcanic eruptions also bring precious metals and minerals to the surface where it can be harvested, such as gold, silver, sulfur and diamonds.

Volcanoes also construct amazing structures at the bottom of the deepest parts of the ocean. These volcanoes often form gigantic underwater structures of condensed minerals, and some grow large enough to reach up and out of the sea to form entirely new islands. Volcanoes are also constructive to scientists and their overall understanding of the internal workings of the planet.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What ways are volcanoes formed?

    A:

    Volcanoes can be formed three ways. These include inter-plate activity, where magma pushes up between cracks in tectonic plate boundaries; the drift of hotspots in continental plates, which pushes magma through the surface; and magma chambers opening up beneath the earth, which cracks the surface and forms volcanoes.

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  • Q:

    What causes a volcano to form?

    A:

    A volcano forms when magma pushes up through the Earth's crust from below, depositing lava on the surface. This lava cools, creating volcanic rock. Over time, repeated eruptions of lava build a cone-shaped mountainous structure, producing a volcano.

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  • Q:

    Why do volcanoes erupt?

    A:

    Hot melted rocks collect under the Earth's surface and when the pressure becomes too hard, the Earth's skin breaks, and a volcano erupts. The melted rock inside the Earth is called magma, but when it comes out in an eruption, it is called lava.

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  • Q:

    When do volcanoes occur?

    A:

    Volcanoes occur when magma is able to reach the surface of the Earth through a gap in the crust. This typically occurs at plate boundaries, where two tectonic plates pull away or move against each other. Volcanoes can also form at weak points in plates, called hot spots.

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