Q:

How were the Arctic lowlands formed?

A:

The Arctic lowlands were formed by sheets of ice moving across the land, called glaciation. As the glaciers moved across the lowlands, they dug up sediment and gave the surface a rolling, corrugated look.

The Arctic lowlands were formed by the movement of glaciers across the surface 7,500 years ago, according to The Canadian Encyclopedia. The lowlands in the Arctic Archipelago were formed not only by glaciation, but by faulting in the rock, which also accounts for the channels between the islands. Although the glaciers have long disappeared from the Arctic lowlands, the land still remains frozen for most of the year, making farming impossible. However, the lowlands are formed of sedimentary rock, which is rich in coal, oil, natural gas and limestone.

The Arctic lowlands include the Arctic Archipelago and are located in northern Canada, lying roughly between the northern Innuitian region and the southern Canadian Shield. The Arctic Lowlands along with the Arctic Coastal Plains make up a fourth of Canada. The fresh water in the Arctic lowlands are covered with ice 10 months of the year, only free of ice in July and August. Despite the severe cold, polar bears, muskox and arctic fox thrive in the lowlands.

Learn More

Related Questions

  • Q:

    How are streams formed?

    A:

    Streams form when downhill running water creates a channel capable of carrying water. Most streams begin as temporary rivulets that only have water after a rainfall.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How are bays formed?

    A:

    According to NationalGeographic.com, bays are formed through various ways, such as plate tectonics, overflowing of the ocean to a coastline and the slicing of a glacier through a bedrock. Bays are bodies of water partially surrounded by land, and they are typically less enclosed and smaller than a gulf.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How are landforms formed?

    A:

    Landforms are formed by movements of the earth, such as earthquakes, weathering, erosions and deposits. Many landforms are created by more than one of these processes. These are called polygenetic landforms.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How are canyons formed?

    A:

    Canyons are formed by wind and water erosion over a long period of time after a large hill, mountain or plateau is formed. The original land mass is formed by tectonic plates colliding and causing tectonic uplift, and the weakest of material is worn down over time to create a deep, narrow ravine called a canyon.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore