Wood is a poor conductor of heat (as well as other forms of energy) because it is covalently bound as a compound. As a result, it does not have the free electrons that scatter about to conduct different forms of energy like metals and other strong conductors do.Know More
In addition to a lack of free electrons, wood also has lots of air pockets inside it, and it even has some starches and proteins. These three properties make it hold onto heat rather than release it. Wood is quite porous, and the pores tend to soak up the waves of heat as well; this is why it is possible to put a wooden spoon into a pot of boiling water and touch the handle after a few minutes without burning one's hand, but why doing the same thing with a metal spoon leads to red, sore fingers.
In contrast, metals share electrons on the atomic level, and passing electrons allows energy (of which heat is a form) to move much more freely. One final difference involves the surfaces involved. Even sanded wood is rougher than metal, and rougher surfaces transfer less heat, because their edges do not have as much contact with the recipient as smooth surfaces, such as metal.Learn more about Thermodynamics
Copper conducts heat well because its atoms contain only one free valence electrons in the outer shell. Elements with a low number of valence electrons transfer heat the best, and copper has only one.Full Answer >
An example of a bad insulator is glass. An insulator is a material that does not allow much heat or electricity to pass through easily.Full Answer >
Water is a poor conductor of heat, and is actually classified as an insulator of heat. Materials that are good conductors of heat and of electricity must have free electrons that can carry the energy from one compound to the next.Full Answer >
The energy required to change the temperature of a substance with no phase change is known as sensible heat. The change in temperature may come from the sun via the soil or the air.Full Answer >