Folding is a ductile behavior in which flat layers of rock bend in response to stress. Faulting is a brittle behavior in which a rock develops one or more fractures in response to stress.
If the hinge of a fold, which refers to the point of sharpest curvature, points up, it is called an anticline. If the hinge of the fold points down, it is called a syncline. A recumbent fold is when the hinge of the fold points to the side. In regards to faulting, the deformation of the rock concentrates along the fractures. There are several types of faults: reverse, thrust, normal and strike-slip.Learn More
Tulane University defines an ore as a body of material from which one or more valuable substances can be extracted. For example, bauxite ore is mined and refined to extract aluminum.Full Answer >
The three classes of rocks are sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous. The most significant differences found among these the three types have to do with how the rock is formed.Full Answer >
The electron configuration for copper is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1 3d10. Copper is an electropositive element, meaning it donates electrons to other atoms. In general, copper can donate either one or two electrons.Full Answer >
Chert is most often created when microcrystals of silicon dioxide are formed within soft sediments that over time will turn into chalk or limestone. When large amounts of silicon dioxide microcrystals are present in the sediment, they start to clump together and can eventually form whole layers of chert within a limestone deposit.Full Answer >