Q:

Where is zinc found in nature?

A:

Zinc is a component found in the earth’s crust in mineral deposits of ore. These deposits may be near the earth’s surface or deep underground.

Most zinc production comes from underground mining. Zinc-mining areas of the world include China, Canada, Australia and Latin America. The main minerals that contain zinc are sphalerite, marmatite and smithsonite. Zinc production from ore to metal involves different stages. The process of zinc mining removes the ore from the earth. However, it is necessary to crush the ore and then separate the zinc from the other minerals. Zinc recovery from minerals can involve sintering and a pyrometallurgical process that requires a smelting furnace. Another technique is a hydrometallurgical process.

Zinc is known in the periodic table as Zn and is a metal. It is bluish gray in color and has 30 electrons. In 1746, Andreas Marggraf successfully isolated zinc from calamine.

Zinc is useful for the fabrication of many alloys like brass and bronze. Ii also has applications in galvanizing, which is coating steel with zinc to protect it from corrosion. Some other applications include its use in electrical components, die-casting, plastics, solder and rubber. Zinc also has biological and pharmaceutical uses, such as a dietary supplement.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Where is carbon found in nature?

    A:

    Graphite and diamonds are two forms of carbon that are pure and commonly found in nature. Charcoal and coke are considered impure forms of carbon.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where in the world is petroleum located?

    A:

    Petroleum is found in many places around the world: the largest reserves, however, are located in Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Canada, Iran and Iraq. Petroleum reserves may span vast areas of land. They are found on land and at sea, and some locations have a wealth of reserves in one central spot, which are called petroleum plays.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are examples of a habitat?

    A:

    Several types of habitats are found in the world, including forests, meadows or fields, thickets, marshes, ponds, forest streams, rivers, forest edges, flower gardens and even neighborhood streets. A habitat is a place where any organism or biological population lives or occurs.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where can you find zinc?

    A:

    Zinc is usually found in mineral deposits that include copper, lead, iron and other base metals. Its primary ore is sphalerite, which accounts for about 95 percent of zinc produced worldwide. China is the largest zinc producer, followed by Peru, Australia, India and the United States.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore