The ancient Olympic Games took place in Olympia, in the western Peloponnese Islands. The area was considered a sanctuary and contained temples to Zeus and Hera, among other important structures. The games began there in 776 B.C. and continued until Emperor Thedosius I of Rome outlawed them in 394 A.D.
While the city-states of Greece were often in conflict with one another, the Olympic Games were held under truce so that enemies could compete against one another without fear. The ritual of holding the games every four years created the term "Olympiad" to refer to the time between the Olympics.Learn More
High jump competitors must take off unaided from one foot and clear the 4-foot horizontal bar without knocking it to the ground. The athlete clearing the greatest height is deemed the winner of the event.Full Answer >
The Olympic flag has five interlocking rings on a white background. The rings represent the union of the nations of the five continental areas – North and South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia and their athlete delegates at the games.Full Answer >
The Winter Olympics are held every four years, as are the Summer Olympics. Until 1992, the Summer and Winter Olympics took place in the same year, but the International Olympic Committee decided to separate the games and hold the Winter Olympics midway between Summer Olympics.Full Answer >
The summer and winter Olympic Games are each held every four years. A decision by the International Olympic Committee in 1986 placed the two events, which had been held during the same year every four years for decades, on separate cycles.Full Answer >