Football originated in the United States in the second half of the 19th century as a cross between soccer and rugby. In 1873, four colleges met in New York City and established the Intercollegiate Football Association, which set out to establish the first official rules for intercollegiate football.Know More
In 1869, Princeton University and Rutgers University competed in what is considered the first formal college football game. Following the game, these two schools, along with Yale University and Columbia University, created the IFA. Among the initial rule adoptions, the schools agreed upon setting the number of players on each squad at 15. These rule changes would not stay long, as Yale's head coach, Walter Camp, lobbied successfully to reduce the number of players on each team to 11. By 1902, with Camp's leadership the IFA had also established that a team had three downs or chances to gain 10 yards or they would be forced to give up the football to the opposing team. Finally, in 1912, the fourth down was added, and the game took on a much more recognizable look to football of the modern period.
In 1892, the Pittsburgh Athletic Club competed against the Allegheny Athletic Association. William (Pudge) Heffelfinger, who played for the Allegheny squad, was paid $500. Due to the transaction, the game is considered to be the first professional football game in history.Learn more about American Football
American football became known as "football" after evolving from the game of "rugby football." Rule changes prohibiting the use of hands in the sport of "soccer" led to the creation of "rugby football."Full Answer >
In the National Football League, a waived player is one who has been cut from his team but has fewer than four years of service in the league. Players who have served for more than four years are also waived if they are cut after the midseason trade deadline.Full Answer >
According to ESPN, each NFL team has specified times for organized team activities, or OTAs, during preseason workouts, drills and training camps. NFL teams may have up to 10 days of OTAs, all of which have noncontact drills. OTAs are the third and final phase of the NFL workout schedule during preseason camps and practices. SB Nation reveals these drills are prescribed in the NFL's collective bargaining agreement.Full Answer >
A touchback is a play that occurs in football when the ball is ruled dead by the officials on or behind the receiving team's goal line. This offense generally occurs after a kickoff, punt, fumble or interception. After a touchback occurs, the ball is placed on the offense’s 20-yard line.Full Answer >