There are roughly 24 different hand signals used by volleyball referees, including point, substitution, line violation and illegal hit. To signal a point, referees place their hands straight out from their bodies to the left. To indicate a substitution, arms go in front of the chest in a circular motion.
For a referee to indicate a line violation, the left hand needs to be slightly extended, and it needs to point downward. The illegal hit signal is shown by raising the right hand up in a slower motion. Other hand signals in volleyball include illegal alignment or improper serve, delay of service, over the net, net foul or serve, legal back row attack, illegal block, illegal attack of serve, "ball touched," four hits, double hits, ball landing inbounds, out of bounds violation, begin serve, authorization to enter, point, re-serve, illegal substitution, team time out, official time out, unnecessary delay and change of courts.
To make a delay of service signal, referees hold one palm up in the air at a 90-degree angle. An illegal block signal requires both hands to be raised in the same manner. A double hit call is similar to delay of service, but two fingers are held up as opposed to a palm.Learn More
An appropriate outfit for volleyball practice includes a comfortable, fitted T-shirt that does not restrict arm movements and defensive pants with padding or shorts with knee pads that secure to the knees. Tennis shoes with padded shock absorption and ankle support should be worn on the feet, and elbow pads should also be worn, as they help to prevent injury when players dive for the volleyball.Full Answer >
The official height of a netball post is 3.05 meters or 10 feet high, just like a regulation basketball hoop. For younger players, ages 8 to 10, the netball post is 2.4 meters or 8 feet high.Full Answer >
The mission of the USA Field Hockey Futures program is to develop top hockey athletes in each region, identify the most talented athletes in the nation and cultivate future field hockey Olympians. The program was established in 1990.Full Answer >
Advantages of sports include improvement in both physical and mental health, and the camaraderie involved in team sports. Kids in high school can also list sports they participate in on their college applications. Disadvantages of sports include stress, possible injuries, cost and the time required.Full Answer >