The modern Olympic Games began in 1896, while the ancient Olympic Games were played between 776 B.C. and 393 A.D. The ancient Olympic Games were founded by Heracles, according to legend. The games were abolished by Roman emperor, Theodosius I, due to perceived Pagan influences.
The modern Olympic Games were inspired by Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin, who saw sport as a way to create well-rounded individuals and promote peace between nations. Pierre de Coubertin created the Union des Sociétés Francaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA) in 1890, and four years later international delegates agreed to recreate the Olympic spirit. The International Olympic Committee was then formed to oversee the process, and Athens was chosen to be the first host in 1896.