Q:

What is the role of the cerebellum in athletics?

A:

Quick Answer

The cerebellum is the part of the brain that controls procedural memory for motor skills, as well as muscle control. Part of becoming a skilled athlete involves constant practice. Not only does this develop muscle strength and conditioning, but it also ingrains sequences of motions into muscle memory so the competitor doesn't have to think consciously.

Know More

Full Answer

With every successive repetition of a motion or sequence of motions, the synapses of the muscles become more strongly linked, requiring less conscious thought to perform the action until it seems like a spinal reflex. It can never become a true reflex, because a neuronal connection goes to the cerebellum. Reflex actions such as blocks in martial arts are trained as a response to a stimulus. For example: the martial artist being punched or kicked at.

In tense situations, such as a buzzer-beating basketball shot or a free throw, it's tempting to think about the actions required to follow through. This, however, takes brainpower that would normally be used to automatically perform and makes the muscles work less fluidly. The cerebellum, specifically the prefrontal cortex, contains working/procedural memory and controls the ability to perform a majority of everyday actions such as walking or driving a car.

Learn more about Athletes

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is a Chiari 1 malformation?

    A:

    In a Chiari malformation, part of the cerebellum is pushed down into the spinal canal because the skull is misshapen or abnormally small. The spinal fluid may not be able to flow freely, causing blocked signals between the body and the brain or a build up of fluid.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the role of a team captain ?

    A:

    The role of a captain in any sport is to advise teammates during the game and also to take charge of the team in the absence of the coach. The captain is the leader of the team.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Is Kevin Nash coming back to the WWE?

    A:

    Kevin Nash appeared on the Jan. 19, 2015, episode of WWE's "Monday Night RAW" as part of a RAW Reunion special that brought back past superstars for one night. As of 2015, he is under a five-year WWE Legends contract that began in 2011.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Which NFL star almost played The Terminator?

    A:

    In the early 1980s, before he gained a notorious reputation, O.J. Simpson nearly played the part of the Terminator in the first movie of the franchise. Arnold Schwarzenegger, who eventually played the lead role, was to play the part of Kyle Reese, the human soldier sent back in time to save Sarah Connor.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore