The important components of a computer are the CPU, memory, graphics adapter, storage system and power supply. The motherboard connects these components together inside the case. Outside the case, the input system includes a keyboard and mouse, and the output display is usually a monitor.Know More
Computers may also have expansion cards, such as sound cards or network adapters. In many cases, however, this functionality is included in the motherboard's chipset, and separate cards are not necessary.
Storage takes many forms in a computer. Typically, computers use at least one magnetic hard drive, and an optical drive for reading CDs and DVDs is a popular addition. Flash memory-based solid-state hard drives offer significant performance gains, but can be expensive.Learn more about Computers & Hardware
A computer processor, which is commonly referred to as a CPU, is responsible for fetching, decoding, executing and writing back information that it receives from the coding that is present in programs. A CPU is the main unit in a computer that allows the computer to function using programmable information and a user interface.Full Answer >
The three major components of a CPU are the arithmetic logic unit, the control unit and the cache. These components are integrated together as a single microprocessor that is mounted on the computer's motherboard.Full Answer >
According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, a computer’s memory module temporarily stores text, and any other type of data, as blocks of binary digits. Every text character is assigned a group of binary bits called bytes. These are then sequentially stored to create a text file. Memory modules then transfer the saved text file onto the hard drive for permanent storage.Full Answer >
Temporary memory in a computer refers to the volatile memory that is stored by a random access memory (RAM) chip. As the name ‘temporary’ suggests, the memory does not store data for long. When the computer is shut down before saving the data, the data will be lost. Therefore, users need to save data on the permanent storage devices regularly as they manage it to avoid loss.Full Answer >