General purpose computers and special purpose computers are two classifications of computers according to use. Not surprisingly, most computers are considered general purpose machines, since they are built for such a wide range of processing capability, explain byte-notes.com computer experts.Know More
Various tasks can be completed on a general purpose computer by utilizing a variety of software. Tasks include controlling security systems, making calculations, manipulating facts in a database, writing and editing. Examples of such electronics include desktops, laptops, notebooks and smart phones. Such devices can store a variety of programs internally, though large amounts may result in compromises of speed and efficiency -depending on the amount of internal storage available.
Special purpose computers are task-specific and are generally used for one particular purpose in performing a single task again and again. Examples of this type of computer include traffic light control systems, navigational systems, digital watches and robot helicopters. Special purpose computers are built with a function of design to address a specific problem instead of utilizing stored programs. Since they perform a single function while using less memory and information, such computers often function faster than their general purpose counterparts. However, they are also less versatile and unable to perform a multitude of operations, states byte-notes.com.Learn more about Computers & Hardware
Approximately 84 percent of Americans owned computers in 2013, including desktops, laptops, netbooks, notebooks, tablets, handheld computers, smartphones and other hand held devices, according to the 2013 American Community Survey. A total of 92 percent of households in the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia area owned a computer, which was the highest of any other area, according to the survey. The U.S. Census Bureau relies solely on this survey's data to determine small area estimates for social and demographic characteristics.Full Answer >
The advantages of using computers in a medical office include improvement of communication, faster service delivery and making research simpler. Computers help in recordkeeping and general office planning.Full Answer >
Special-purpose computers refer to computers that are built to perform specific tasks, such as automatic teller machines or washing machines. Special-purpose computers also include systems to control military planes, boats, surveillance equipment and other defense-oriented applications. They utilize unique operating systems that are tailored to performing their specific functions.Full Answer >
The instruction cycle is the basic operation cycle of computers, and it is the time period during which the computer fetches an instruction and executes it. It consists of up to six phases, which are fetch instruction, decode instruction, evaluate address, fetch operand, execute and store results.Full Answer >