A computer-based information system, or CBIS, uses computers to collect, process, store, analyze and distribute information for a specific purpose, such as meeting a business objective. The main components of a CBIS include hardware, software, data, procedures and people.Know More
In a CBIS, the hardware is the physical machinery, such as a computer, printer, display screen and cables. The hardware devices work together to accept data, or raw facts, as input before processing the data into useful information and then displaying the information as output. Software refers to computer programs that provide instructions for processing the data. The procedures are what people perform when working with a CBIS to process data and produce information.
Traditionally, a business uses four types of computer-based information systems. The one used by the most people in the business is a transaction processing system, which processes events or activities that affect the entire organization, such as customer orders. A management information system provides information to managers so that they can plan and run the business. Managers also use decision support systems when making major decisions that affect the entire business. Senior executives use a special type of decision support system known as an executive information system, which provides an overview of the entire business.Learn more about Software
According to the Oxford Journals, electronic spreadsheets make the process of inputting information, retrieving information and performing calculations faster and more efficient. They are also easy to share; even large spreadsheets can be compressed to a few megabytes.Full Answer >
A database management system is used to let employees and owners access a large variety of information from a specific location like a computer. It allows access to specific information based on the user's credentials.Full Answer >
A computer operating system manages the software and hardware resources on a computer device. It also allows for a consistent and stable way for applications to deal with hardware without knowing every detail of the hardware.Full Answer >
An operating system is the most essential program that allows a computer to run and execute programs. Without an operating system, a computer cannot be of any important use since the computer's hardware won't be able to communicate with the software.Full Answer >