Information systems integrate human and technical components to collect, store, process and distribute the data needed by part or an entire organization. An information system can either be specialized or general.Know More
A good example of a specialized information system is a database management system (DBMS). It allows users to freely analyze and organize data. Electronic spreadsheets also fall under this category.
Specialized information systems are specifically built to carry out particular processes and support specified analysis tasks. A management information system (MIS) is a special form of information system that outputs reports based on stored data, assisting enterprises to make informed decisions based on the analyzed data. Other types of specialized information systems include: decision support systems and operation support systems.Learn more about Software
The mobile device messaging service WhatsApp collects user-provided information, such as phone number, user name, billing information and contact list. As of 2015, the information may be shared, not sold, to third parties for the purpose of maintaining and improving its services.Full Answer >
Examples of transaction processing systems include payroll, order processing, reservations, employee records, accounts payable and accounts receivable. These systems collect and store data about transactions, which are activities that change stored data. For example, using a credit card, reserving a flight and ordering products from a catalog are transactions.Full Answer >
As of 2015, some of the new trends in management information systems include increased focus on areas such as data mining, cloud computing, networking and digital preservation. The fields of analytic and mobile computing have also gained increased significance.Full Answer >
In computer science, concurrency is the execution of several instruction sequences at the same time. In an operating system, this happens when there are several process threads running in parallel. These threads may communicate with each other through either shared memory or message passing.Full Answer >