Q:

What are the main key elements in computer operating system security?

A:

Quick Answer

Authentication, user accounts access controls, cryptography and firewalls are the main security elements in an operating system. These features offer preventive measures against access to disks, information or programs in an operating system by unauthorized parties.

Know More

Full Answer

The four key elements in a computer operating system security serve different roles. Authentication ensures that each of the users accessing an operating system are properly validated. The process usually involves creating registered passwords and user names to access the system’s resources to the authentic user.

User account access controls focus on the authorization aspects of the system, such that the validated users may only perform activities within their scope. The operating system determines the subject’s access to its resources ensuring that only authorized user accounts access privileged resources and the guest access rights remain limited.

Cryptography is implemented mainly through data encryption techniques, in which information is scrambled before it is written on a disk or sent over a network. This security tool is critical, especially in network operating systems, and it prevents hackers from tapping into confidential data.

Firewalls are the most widespread security elements in computer systems. They shield access to the system’s internal operations from both the external and internal parties. They can be very effective tools in preventing breaching attacks when properly configured.

Learn more about Software
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the classification of an operating system?

    A:

    The classification of an operating system is a grouping that differentiates or identifies the operating system based on how it works, the type of hardware it controls and the applications it supports. The basic function of an operating system is to make the hardware usable and enable user applications to run as they are designed to.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a single-user multitasking operating system?

    A:

    A single-user multitasking operating system is an operating system that allows a single user to simultaneously run multiple applications on a computer. This type of operating system is found in personal desktop and laptop computers. The most popular single-user multitasking operating systems include Microsoft Windows and Macintosh.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between system software and application software with examples?

    A:

    System software is also known as the operating system and includes Microsoft Windows, Apple's OSX and Linux, while application software refers to programs that perform tasks and includes Microsoft Office, Adobe Photoshop and Apple iTunes. Application software requires an operating system to be installed and booted up before it can be used.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do you setup a wireless security key?

    A:

    To set up a wireless security key in Windows 7, access the Network and Sharing Center via the Control Panel, and select the WEP option when setting up a new wireless connection. Alternatively, access the configuration menu of your wireless router, and create a WPA or WPA2 security key.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore