Q:

What does TCP/IP stand for?

A:

TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. In basic terms, it is the language computers use to find and connect with each other over a network.

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Full Answer

In 1969, the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the US Department of Defense embarked on a project to develop a way to share resources securely, which was called Advanced Research Projects Agency Network or ARPANET. TCP/IP was developed during this project as a way for computers to have an easy way to communicate securely.

Over the years, ARPANET grew into a larger community of networks, spanning worldwide in what we know today as the Internet.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the purpose of TCP/IP?

    A:

    The purpose of TCP/IP is to make it easier for computers to communicate with one another to send information over the Internet. It is a set of protocols that computers use so that they essentially speak the same language when passing information.

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  • Q:

    What is the importance of TCP/IP?

    A:

    Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP) are the two most important lower-level protocols enabling Internet connectivity. IP is responsible for moving packets of data from one connection point to the next, while TCP verifies the integrity of data traveling between two endpoints. TCP and IP work together so much that the two protocols are commonly referred to as TCP/IP.

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  • Q:

    On what levels of the OSI model does the TCP/IP function?

    A:

    On the Open Systems Interconnection, OSI, reference model, the Internet Protocol, IP, resides on layer three, which is called the Network layer. The Transport Control Protocol, TCP, resides on layer four, which is called the Transport layer. The OSI reference model has seven layers that are divided into two groups called the upper layers and the lower layers.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between TCP and IP?

    A:

    Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol are part of the TCP/IP networking protocol for transmitting data between computers. TCP is responsible for packaging the data, while IP transmits the data across a physical connection.

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