Tie rods connect the steering linkage to the wheels, making it impossible to drive a vehicle with a broken tie rod. Vehicle owners should have tie rods inspected regularly, and replaced if worn, to prevent loss of steering and a possible accident.Know More
Tie rods come in pairs and are connected with a threaded linkage. Adjusting this linkage is a part of the front-end alignment process. The tie rods turn and move, so the joints between them, the wheels and the steering linkage require lubrication to reduce wear. Rubber tie-rod boots protect these joints by keeping water and debris out while keeping the lubricant in place. If the boot cracks, it no longer provides the protection; the joint is doomed to failure. If an inspection reveals this type of damage, the tie rods and boots require replacement.
While many tie rods last for years, certain driving conditions increase the need for regular replacement. Driving a vehicle on pothole-filled roads increases the wear on the tie rod ends. A quick pull of the wheel causes the tie rod end to separate, and the driver loses control of the steering.
Because tie rods wear over time, some manufacturers use a spring-loaded mechanism to keep the fittings tight. These strong springs push the ball into the seat as wear takes place and increases wear tolerance.Learn more about Brakes
To bleed a master cylinder, remove it from the vehicle, and secure it in a bench vise. Attach a master cylinder bleeder kit to the output ports, push in the cylinder and pinch the lines to rid the reservoir of air bubbles.Full Answer >
To add brake fluid to a vehicle, clean the reservoir cover, open the reservoir, check the fluid level and fill the reservoir to the indicated level. If the vehicle is equipped with an antilock braking system, check the owner's manual for special instructions before opening the cap.Full Answer >
When the brake pads come in contact with the brake rotor to slow and stop a vehicle, the pressure and friction occasionally cause a vibration that produces a squeaking sound. These squeaks are often normal, but they may also mean that the brakes are starting to wear out.Full Answer >
Drum brakes work by pressing brake shoes against the inside of a drum-shaped cylinder attached to the wheel of the vehicle. The friction produced by this contact slows the wheel, slowing down the vehicle. Drum brakes are most common on older vehicles. On newer vehicles, they are often attached to only the rear wheels, and more-efficient disc brakes slow the front wheels.Full Answer >