A power-steering fluid leak indicates part of the power-steering system is worn or damaged. The most common cause of a power-steering fluid leak is damaged tubing coming from or going to the power-steering pump. There are also two pressure-hose fittings above and below the rotor of the power-steering pump, which are potential leakage points in the power-steering system.Know More
To identify the problematic part, visually inspect the tubing and the pump. If there is no noticeable damage, raise the car on a trolley jack and pour power-steering fluid into the reservoir, closely watching the car until the leak is found. It is important to also correctly identify the leaking fluid. Power-steering fluid is a yellow or light brown color. The fluid has a viscosity similar to cheap maple syrup, and it has a dull, metallic smell.
When there is a leak in the power-steering system, it is important to monitor the power-steering fluid level often. To determine if a car is low on power-steering fluid, turn the wheel all the way to one side. If there is a high-pitched noise or the wheel is hard to turn, this indicates the power-steering fluid is low. When refilling the fluid reservoir, pour the fluid slowly and turn the wheels to either side to fully lubricate the power-steering system.Learn more in Car Parts & Maintenance
Overfilling the power steering fluid reservoir causes foaming of the hydraulic fluid, leading to premature wear of the system. Power steering fluid is hydraulic fluid that moves cylinders to reduce the force required to turn the wheels and provides lubrication. Foaming fluid provides less lubrication than normal, so the internal parts wear more quickly.Full Answer >
To change power-steering fluid, siphon out the old fluid, and refill the reservoir with a fluid recommended by your car's manufacturer after flushing the system. You need a siphon bulb or turkey baster, an empty container, a quart of power-steering flush and power-steering fluid.Full Answer >
To check the power-steering fluid level, unscrew the cap from the engine reservoir, and check the dipstick. Clean off the cap and reservoir before removing. You need a rag and power-steering fluid if the level is low.Full Answer >
Some automobiles use transmission fluid as power steering fluid, while newer vehicles use synthetic-based hydraulic fluid that is specifically made for power steering use. The four main automatic transmission fluid types are Mercon, Dexron, Type F and ATF +4.Full Answer >