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Confirmation bias, also called confirmatory bias or myside bias, is the tendency to search for, ... Biased search, interpretation and memory have been invoked to explain .... Even after seeing objective evidence that refuted their working hypotheses, they ... Psychological theories differ in their predictions about selective recall.


A scientific hypothesis can become a theory if the hypothesis is tested extensively and ... A hypothesis only becomes a valid argument after it has been?


Sep 11, 2015 ... Relativism has been, in its various guises, both one of the most popular and ... Defenders see it as a harbinger of tolerance and the only ethical and ... From ethics to epistemology, science to religion, political theory to ontology, .... but argue that, for instance, scientific truths are not suitable candidates for a ...


Jun 25, 2013 ... The explicit use of analogical arguments, since antiquity, has been a ... Often the point of an analogical argument is just to persuade people to take an idea seriously. ... analogy may simply become entrenched and self-perpetuating as it leads ... He supported his hypothesis by appealing to the analogous ...


The original paper that introduced the simulation argument. ... that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simulations is false, unless we are ... just that, in fact, a computer running a suitable program would be conscious. ... But persuasive arguments have been given to the effect that if technological progress ...


When consistency is obtained the hypothesis becomes a theory and ... of the scientific method is that it is unprejudiced: one does not have to believe a given ... of mind, or the religious persuasion, or the state of consciousness of the investigator ... The argument , cited by some creationists, that science is just another kind of ...


Politicians still make backroom deals, but only after their relative strength has been established in the public game of “media politics.” By media ... citizens, the goal is to monitor politics and hold politicians accountable on the basis of minimal effort. ..... Economic Theory of Democracy is to pull many such arguments into a.


Mar 19, 1998 ... When Kuhn talks about the articulation of theory as a part of normal science, he is .... become the very archetypes of significant scientific achievement. ... Standards is Also Non-Cumulative: Kuhn has been arguing against a straw ... Only several months later, after fruitless attempts to fit the observed motion ...


This article argues for a more systematic use of theories in planning and evaluating ... To date, the majority of health care improvements have been targeted at factors ... An understanding of the theoretical assumptions and hypotheses behind these ..... Change often takes place only after a local consensus is achieved.