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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toulmin_method

The Toulmin method is an informal method of reasoning. Created by the British philosopher Stephen Toulmin it involves the grounds (data), claim, and warrant of an argument. These three parts of the argument are all necessary to support a good argument. The grounds are the evidence used to prove a claim. ... may be needed to convince the audience and further support the warrant if it ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argument

In philosophy and logic, an argument is a series of statements typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion. The general form of an argument in a natural language is that of premises (typically in the form of propositions, statements or sentences) in support of a ..... Other kinds of arguments may have different or additional standards of ...

www.answers.com/Q/An_argument_may_warrant_additional_support_in_the_form_of_additional_evidence_when

What is not a good reason for using additional evidence to support an argument? If your argument is supported by expert opinion then no further evidence is ...

open.lib.umn.edu/businesscommunication/chapter/6-3-making-an-argument

Demonstrate how to form a clear argument with appropriate support to persuade your audience. ... What may be more familiar to you is Stephen Toulmin's rhetorical strategy, ... strategies, how do you support your position with evidence or warrants? .... 1.4 Your Responsibilities as a Communicator · 1.5 Additional Resources ...

open.lib.umn.edu/businesscommunication/chapter/14-5-making-an-argument

In this section, we will briefly discuss the classic form of an argument, a more modern ... Confirmation, Offers the audience evidence to support your argument ... What may be more familiar to you is Stephen Toulmin's rhetorical strategy that focuses ... Warrant, You create the connection between the claim and the supporting ...

owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/588/03

Jun 19, 2017 ... Data: Evidence gathered to support the claim. ... to as the foundation): Additional logic or reasoning that may be necessary to support the warrant. ... Including a well-thought-out warrant or bridge is essential to writing a good ...

changingminds.org/disciplines/argument/making_argument/toulmin.htm

Claim | Rebuttal | Grounds | Warrant | Backing | Modal qualifier | See also ... The backing (or support) for an argument gives additional support to the warrant by answering ... Unless there is evidence to the contrary, hearing aids do no harm to ears. ... Any rebuttal is an argument in itself, and thus may include a claim, warrant, ...

journals.iupui.edu/index.php/teachingwriting/article/viewFile/821/810

the argument, are the evidence or specific facts that support the claim. Finally, the ... The additional three elements–backing, rebuttal and qualifier—may be ...

marces.org/EDMS623/Mislevy%20RJ%20(2003)%20Substance%20and%20structure%20in%20assessment%20arguments.pdf

supports. FIG. 1. Toulmin's (1958) structure for arguments. Reasoning flows from ... The inference may need to be qualified by alternative ... claims, evidence, warrants, and qualifiers in assessment. ..... the probability-based aspects of the warrant, in the form of the pretest data. Additional alternative explanations for good or ...